W Feng, L J Shi, Nonlinear dynamics in a terahertz-driven double-layer graphene diode[J]. J. Semicond., 2018, 39(12): 124012. doi: 10.1088/1674-4926/39/12/124012.
Wei Feng^{ , } and Lijuan Shi^{ }
Abstract: By using the time-dependent hydrodynamic equations, we carry out a theoretical study of nonlinear dynamics in an n^{+}nn^{+} double-layer graphene diode driven by terahertz radia-tion. A cooperative nonlinear oscillatory mode shows up due to the negative differential conductance effect. We use different chaos-detecting methods, such as the Poincaré bifurcation diagram and the first return map, to examine the transitions between the periodic and chaotic states. The double-layer graphene diode shows typical nonlinear dynamical behavior with the DC bias, AC amplitudes and the AC frequency as the control parameters.
Key words: nonlinear, terahertz, double-layer graphene
Abstract: By using the time-dependent hydrodynamic equations, we carry out a theoretical study of nonlinear dynamics in an n^{+}nn^{+} double-layer graphene diode driven by terahertz radia-tion. A cooperative nonlinear oscillatory mode shows up due to the negative differential conductance effect. We use different chaos-detecting methods, such as the Poincaré bifurcation diagram and the first return map, to examine the transitions between the periodic and chaotic states. The double-layer graphene diode shows typical nonlinear dynamical behavior with the DC bias, AC amplitudes and the AC frequency as the control parameters.
Key words:
nonlinear, terahertz, double-layer graphene
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Ferreira G J, Leuenberger M N, Loss D, et al. Low-bias negative differential resistance in graphene nanoribbon superlattices. Phys Rev B, 2011, 84: 125453 |
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Mai S, Syzranov S V, Efetov K B. Photocurrent in a visible-light graphene photodiode. Phys Rev B, 2011, 83: 033402 |
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Cao J C, Lei X L. Synchronization and chaos in miniband semiconductor superlattices. Phys Rev B, 1999, 60: 1871 |
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Cao J C, Liu H C, Lei X L, et al. Chaotic dynamics in terahertz-driven semiconductors with negative effective mass. Phys Rev B, 2001, 63: 115308 |
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Feng W, Cao J C. Nonlinear dynamics in GaAs_{1–x}N_{x} diodes under terahertz radiation. J Appl Phys, 2009, 106: 033708 |
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Cao J C. Interband impact ionization and nonlinear absorption of terahertz radiation in semiconductor heterostructures. Phys Rev Lett, 2003, 91: 237401 |
[1] |
Novoselov K S, Geim A K, Morozov S V, et al. Electric field effect in atomically thin carbon films. Science, 2004, 306: 666 |
[2] |
Apalkov V M, hakraborty T. Fractal butterflies in buckled graphenelike materials. Phys Rev B, 2015, 91: 235447 |
[3] |
Semnani B, Majedi A H, Safavi-Naeini S. Nonlinear quantum optical properties of graphene: the role of chirality and symmetry. Appl Phys Lett, 2015, 85: 115438 |
[4] |
Katsnelson M. Graphene: carbon in two dimensions. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2012 |
[5] |
Bonaccorso F, Sun Z, Hasan T, et al. Graphene photonics and optoelectronics. Nat Photonics, 2010, 4: 611 |
[6] |
Zheng Y, Ni G X, Toh C T, et al. Graphene field-effect transistors with ferroelectric gating. Phys Rev Lett, 2010, 105: 166602 |
[7] |
Ferreira A, Peres N M R, Ribeiro R M, et al. Graphene-based photodetector with two cavities. Phys Rev B, 2012, 85: 115438 |
[8] |
Bae S, Kim H, Lee Y B, et al. Roll-to-roll production of 30-inch graphene films for transparent electrodes. Nat Nanotech, 2010, 5: 574 |
[9] |
Britnell L, Gorbachev R V, Geim A K, et al. Resonant tunneling and negative differential conductance in graphene transistors. Nat Commun, 2013, 4: 1794 |
[10] |
Nguyen V H, Mazzamuto F, Bournel A, et al. Resonant tunneling diodes based on graphene/h-BN heterostructure. J Phys D, 2012, 45: 325104 |
[11] |
Song Y, Wu H C, Guo Y. Negative differential resistances in graphene double barrier resonant tunneling diodes. Appl Phys Lett, 2013, 102: 093118 |
[12] |
Ferreira G J, Leuenberger M N, Loss D, et al. Low-bias negative differential resistance in graphene nanoribbon superlattices. Phys Rev B, 2011, 84: 125453 |
[13] |
Yamasue K, Fukidome H, Funakubo K, et al. Interfacial charge states in graphene on SiC studied by noncontact scanning nonlinear dielectric potentiometry. Phys Rev Lett, 2015, 114: 226103 |
[14] |
Kuroda M A, Tersoff J, Martyna G J. Nonlinear screening in multilayer graphene systems. Phys Rev Lett, 2011, 106: 116804 |
[15] |
Bykov A Y, Murzina T V, Rybin M G, et al. Second harmonic generation in multilayer graphene induced by direct electric current. Phys Rev B, 2012, 85: 121413 |
[16] |
Petrone N, McMillan J F, van der Zande A, et al. Regenerative oscillation and four-wave mixing in graphene optoelectronics. Nat Photonics, 2012, 6: 554 |
[17] |
Entin M V, Magarill L I, Shepelyansky D L. Theory of resonant photon drag in mono-layer graphene. Phys Rev B, 2010, 81: 165441 |
[18] |
Mai S, Syzranov S V, Efetov K B. Photocurrent in a visible-light graphene photodiode. Phys Rev B, 2011, 83: 033402 |
[19] |
Chu S, Wang S, Gong Q. Ultrafast third-order nonlinear optical properties of graphene in aqueous solution and polyvinyl alcohol film. Chem Phys Lett, 2012, 523: 104 |
[20] |
Cao J C, Lei X L. Synchronization and chaos in miniband semiconductor superlattices. Phys Rev B, 1999, 60: 1871 |
[21] |
Cao J C, Liu H C, Lei X L, et al. Chaotic dynamics in terahertz-driven semiconductors with negative effective mass. Phys Rev B, 2001, 63: 115308 |
[22] |
Feng W, Cao J C. Nonlinear dynamics in GaAs_{1–x}N_{x} diodes under terahertz radiation. J Appl Phys, 2009, 106: 033708 |
[23] |
Cao J C. Interband impact ionization and nonlinear absorption of terahertz radiation in semiconductor heterostructures. Phys Rev Lett, 2003, 91: 237401 |
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W Feng, L J Shi, Nonlinear dynamics in a terahertz-driven double-layer graphene diode[J]. J. Semicond., 2018, 39(12): 124012. doi: 10.1088/1674-4926/39/12/124012.
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Manuscript received: 18 July 2018 Manuscript revised: 30 August 2018 Online: Accepted Manuscript: 09 November 2018 Uncorrected proof: 30 November 2018 Published: 13 December 2018
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