J. Semicond. > Volume 35 > Issue 4 > Article Number: 045006

A low voltage low power up-conversion mixer for WSN application

Chenjian Wu 1, 2, 3, , Zhiqun Li 1, 2, , and Ge Sun 1, 2,

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Abstract: This paper presents an up-conversion mixer for 2.4-2.4835 GHz wireless sensor networks (WSN) in 0.18 μm RF CMOS technology. It was based on a double-balanced Gilbert cell type, with two Gilbert cells having quadrature modulation applied. Current-reuse and cross positive feedback techniques were applied in the mixer to boost conversion gain; the current source stage was removed from the mixer to improve linearity. Measured results exhibited that under a 1 V power supply, the conversion gain was 5 dB, the input referred 1 dB compression point was -11 dBm and the ⅡP3 was -0.75 dBm, while it only consumed 1.4 mW.

Key words: low voltagelow powercurrent-reusepositive feedbackmixer

Abstract: This paper presents an up-conversion mixer for 2.4-2.4835 GHz wireless sensor networks (WSN) in 0.18 μm RF CMOS technology. It was based on a double-balanced Gilbert cell type, with two Gilbert cells having quadrature modulation applied. Current-reuse and cross positive feedback techniques were applied in the mixer to boost conversion gain; the current source stage was removed from the mixer to improve linearity. Measured results exhibited that under a 1 V power supply, the conversion gain was 5 dB, the input referred 1 dB compression point was -11 dBm and the ⅡP3 was -0.75 dBm, while it only consumed 1.4 mW.

Key words: low voltagelow powercurrent-reusepositive feedbackmixer



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Wu Chenjian, Li Zhiqun. A low power quadrature up-conversion mixer for WSN application[J]. High Technology Letters, 2013, 19(3): 7.

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Wu C H, Wu N Y. Design of low power up-conversion self-oscillating mixer. China-Japan Joint Microwave Conference Proceedings, Hangzhou, China, 2011: 1

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[1]

Ren F Y, Huang H N, Lin C. Wireless sensor networks[J]. Journal of Software, 2003, 14(7): 1282.

[2]

Chen Liang, Li Zhiqun. Design and optimization of a 0.5 V CMOS LNA for 2.4-GHz WSN application[J]. Journal of Semiconductors, 2012, 33(10): 105009. doi: 10.1088/1674-4926/33/10/105009

[3]

Li Zhiqun, Wang Zhigong. Radio frequency integrated circuits and system. Beijing:Science, 2008

[4]

Salem R F, Galal S H, Tawfik M S, et al. A new highly linear CMOS mixer suitable for deep submicron technologies. 9th International Conference on Electronics, Circuits and Systems, Dubrovnik, Croatia, 2002: 81

[5]

Yeh M L, Kuo S H, Liou W R. A low voltage 5 GHz quadrature up-conversion mixer for wireless transmitter. International Conference on Communications, Circuits and Systems, Guilin, China, 2006: 2618

[6]

Kim C W, Lee S S, Park B H, et al. A CMOS direct-conversion I/Q up-mixer block for ultra-wideband system. The 7th International Conference on Advanced Communication Technology, Phoenix Park, Ireland, 2005: 230

[7]

Tsai J H. Design of 1.2-V broadband high data-rate MMW CMOS I/Q modulator and demodulator using modified gilbert-cell mixer[J]. IEEE Trans Microw Theory Tech, 2011, 59(5): 1350. doi: 10.1109/TMTT.2011.2116035

[8]

Lee S G, Choi J K. Current-reuse bleeding mixer[J]. Electron Lett, 2000, 36(8): 696. doi: 10.1049/el:20000556

[9]

Lee S Y, Huang M F, Kuo C J. Analysis and implementation of a CMOS even harmonic mixer with current reuse for heterodyne/direct conversion receivers[J]. IEEE Trans Circuits Syst Ⅰ:Regular Papers, 2005, 52(9): 1741. doi: 10.1109/TCSI.2005.852487

[10]

Wu C H, Huang W H. A high-linearity up-conversion mixer utilizing negative resister. Proceedings of International Symposium on signals, Systems and Electronics, Birmingham, UK, 2010: 1

[11]

Fan X N, Zhang L. A 2. 4-GHz CMOS up-conversion mixer for WSN SoC applications. 9th International Symposium on Communications and Information Technology, Icheon, Korea, 2009: 683

[12]

Huang C C, Chen W T. Multi-band/multi-mode current folded up-convert mixer design. Asia-Pacific Microwave Conference, Yokohama, Japan, 2006: 759

[13]

Wu Chenjian, Li Zhiqun. A low power quadrature up-conversion mixer for WSN application[J]. High Technology Letters, 2013, 19(3): 7.

[14]

Wu C H, Wu N Y. Design of low power up-conversion self-oscillating mixer. China-Japan Joint Microwave Conference Proceedings, Hangzhou, China, 2011: 1

[15]

Ghahramani J, Rahnama M, Rezakhani S, et al. Design and simulation of 5 GHz up-conversion self-oscillating mixer. IEEE International Conference on System Engineering and Technology, Shah Alam, Malaysia, 2011: 96

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C J Wu, Z Q Li, G Sun. A low voltage low power up-conversion mixer for WSN application[J]. J. Semicond., 2014, 35(4): 045006. doi: 10.1088/1674-4926/35/4/045006.

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Manuscript received: 21 September 2013 Manuscript revised: 04 November 2013 Online: Published: 01 April 2014

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