J. Semicond. > Volume 39 > Issue 1 > Article Number: 015002

Printed stretchable circuit on soft elastic substrate for wearable application

Wei Yuan , Xinzhou Wu , Weibing Gu , Jian Lin and Zheng Cui ,

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Abstract: In this paper, a flexible and stretchable circuit has been fabricated by the printing method based on Ag NWs/PDMS composite. The randomly oriented Ag NWs were buried in PDMS to form a conductive and stretchable electrode. Stable conductivity was achieved with a large range of tensile strain (0–50%) after the initial stretching/releasing cycle. The stable electrical response is due to the buckling of the Ag NWs/PDMS composite layer. Furthermore, printed stretchable circuits integrated with commercial ICs have been demonstrated for wearable applications.

Key words: printed electronicssilver nanowiresstretchable electronicswearable electronics

Abstract: In this paper, a flexible and stretchable circuit has been fabricated by the printing method based on Ag NWs/PDMS composite. The randomly oriented Ag NWs were buried in PDMS to form a conductive and stretchable electrode. Stable conductivity was achieved with a large range of tensile strain (0–50%) after the initial stretching/releasing cycle. The stable electrical response is due to the buckling of the Ag NWs/PDMS composite layer. Furthermore, printed stretchable circuits integrated with commercial ICs have been demonstrated for wearable applications.

Key words: printed electronicssilver nanowiresstretchable electronicswearable electronics



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Matsuhisa N, Inoue D, Zalar P, et al. Printable elastic conductors by in situ formation of silver nanoparticles from silver flakes. Nat Mater, 2017, 16: 834

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Zhang R, Lin W, Moon K S, et al. Fast preparation of printable highly conductive polymer nanocomposites by thermal decomposition of silver carboxylate and sintering of silver nanoparticles. ACS Appl Mater Interfaces, 2010, 2(9): 2637

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Xu F, Zhu Y. Highly conductive and stretchable silver nanowire conductors. Adv Mater, 2012, 24: 5117

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Yao S, Zhu Y. Wearable multifunctional sensors using printed stretchable conductors made of silver nanowires. Nanoscale, 2014, 6(4): 2345

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Cheng T, Zhang Y Z, Yi J P, et al. Inkjet-printed flexible, transparent and aesthetic energy storage devices based on PEDOT:PSS/Ag grid electrodes. J Mater Chem A, 2016, 4: 13754

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Cheng T, Zhang Y Z, Lai W Y, et al. High-performance stretchable transparent electrodes based on silver nanowires synthesized via an eco-friendly halogen-free method. J Mater Chem C, 2014, 2: 10369

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Liang J, Li L, Niu X, et al. Elastomeric polymer light-emitting devices and displays. Nat Photon, 2013, 7(10): 817

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Yan C, Wang J, Wang X, et al. An intrinsically stretchable nanowire photodetector with a fully embedded structure. Adv Mater, 2014, 26(6): 943

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Yamada T, Hayamizu Y, Yamamoto Y, et al. A stretchable carbon nanotube strain sensor for human-motion detection. Nat Nanotech, 2011, 6(5): 296

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Lee P, Lee J, Lee H, et al. Flexible electronics: highly stretchable and highly conductive metal electrode by very long metal nanowire percolation network. Adv Mater, 2012, 24(25): 3326

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Martinez V, Stauffer F, Adagunodo M O, et al. Stretchable silver nanowire-elastomer composite microelectrodes with tailored electrical properties. ACS Appl Mater Interfaces, 2015, 7(24): 13467

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Henley S J, Cann M, Jurewicz I, et al. Laser patterning of transparent conductive metal nanowire coatings: simulation and experiment. Nanoscale, 2014, 6(2): 946

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Madaria A R, Kumar A, Ishikawa F N, et al. Uniform, highly conductive, and patterned transparent films of a percolating silver nanowire network on rigid and flexible substrates using a dry transfer technique. Nano Res, 2010, 3(8): 564

[28]

Liang J, Li L, Chen D, et al. Intrinsically stretchable and transparent thin-film transistors based on printable silver nanowires, carbon nanotubes and an elastomeric dielectric. Nat Commun, 2015, 6: 7647

[29]

Liang J, Tong K, Pei Q. A water-based silver-nanowire screen-print ink for the fabrication of stretchable conductors and wearable thin-film transistors. Adv Mater, 2016, 28(28): 5986

[30]

Matsuhisa N, Kaltenbrunner M, Yokota T, et al. Printable elastic conductors with a high conductivity for electronic textile applications. Nat Commun, 2015, 6: 7461

[1]

Suo Z. Mechanics of stretchable electronics and soft machines. MRS Bull, 2012, 37(3): 218

[2]

Kim D H, Kim Y S, W J, et al. ultrathin silicon circuits with strain-isolation layers and mesh layouts for high-performance electronics on fabric, vinyl, leather, and paper. Adv Mater, 2009, 21: 3703

[3]

Cheng T, Zhang Y, Lai W Y, et al. Stretchable thin-film electrodes for flexible electronics with high deformability and stretchability. Adv Mater, 2015, 27(22): 3349

[4]

Cheng T, Zhang Y, Zhang J D, et al. High-performance free-standing PEDOT:pss electrodes for flexible and transparent all-solid-state supercapacitors. J Mater Chem A, 2016, 4: 10493

[5]

Kim D H, Xiao J, Song J, et al. Stretchable, curvilinear electronics based on inorganic material. Adv Mater, 2010, 22: 2108

[6]

Kim D H, Viventi J, Amsden J J, et al. Dissolvable films of silk fibroin for ultrathin conformal bio-integrated electronics. Nat Mater, 2010, 9: 511

[7]

Gao L, Zhang Y, Malyarchuk V, et al. Epidermal photonic devices for quantitative imaging of temperature and thermal transport characteristics of the skin. Nat Commun, 2014, 5: 4938

[8]

Bandodkar A J, Nuñez-Flores R, Jia W, et al. All-printed stretchable electrochemical devices. Adv Mater, 2015, 27: 3060

[9]

Larmagnac A, Eggenberger S, Janossy H, et al. Stretchable electronics based on Ag-PDMS composites. Sci Rep, 2014, 4: 7254

[10]

Matsuhisa N, Kaltenbrunner M, Yokota T, et al. Printable elastic conductors with a high conductivity for electronic textile applications. Nat Commun, 2015, 6: 7461

[11]

Matsuhisa N, Inoue D, Zalar P, et al. Printable elastic conductors by in situ formation of silver nanoparticles from silver flakes. Nat Mater, 2017, 16: 834

[12]

Zhang R, Lin W, Moon K S, et al. Fast preparation of printable highly conductive polymer nanocomposites by thermal decomposition of silver carboxylate and sintering of silver nanoparticles. ACS Appl Mater Interfaces, 2010, 2(9): 2637

[13]

Xu F, Zhu Y. Highly conductive and stretchable silver nanowire conductors. Adv Mater, 2012, 24: 5117

[14]

Amjadi M, Pichitpajongkit A, Lee S, et al. Highly stretchable and sensitive strain sensor based on silver nanowire elastomer nanocomposite. ACS NANO, 2014, 8: 5154

[15]

Liang J, Tong K, Pei Q. A water-based silver-nanowire screen-print ink for the fabrication of stretchable conductors and wearable thin-film transistors. Adv Mater, 2016, 28(28): 5986

[16]

Liang J, Li L, Chen D, et al. Intrinsically stretchable and transparent thin-film transistors based on printable silver nanowires, carbon nanotubes and an elastomeric dielectric. Nat Commun, 2015, 6: 7647

[17]

Yao S, Zhu Y. Wearable multifunctional sensors using printed stretchable conductors made of silver nanowires. Nanoscale, 2014, 6(4): 2345

[18]

Cheng T, Zhang Y Z, Yi J P, et al. Inkjet-printed flexible, transparent and aesthetic energy storage devices based on PEDOT:PSS/Ag grid electrodes. J Mater Chem A, 2016, 4: 13754

[19]

Cheng T, Zhang Y Z, Lai W Y, et al. High-performance stretchable transparent electrodes based on silver nanowires synthesized via an eco-friendly halogen-free method. J Mater Chem C, 2014, 2: 10369

[20]

Liang J, Li L, Niu X, et al. Elastomeric polymer light-emitting devices and displays. Nat Photon, 2013, 7(10): 817

[21]

Madaria A R, Kumar A, Ishikawa F N, et al. Uniform, highly conductive, and patterned transparent films of a percolating silver nanowire network on rigid and flexible substrates using a dry transfer technique. Nano Res, 2010, 3(8): 564

[22]

Yan C, Wang J, Wang X, et al. An intrinsically stretchable nanowire photodetector with a fully embedded structure. Adv Mater, 2014, 26(6): 943

[23]

Yamada T, Hayamizu Y, Yamamoto Y, et al. A stretchable carbon nanotube strain sensor for human-motion detection. Nat Nanotech, 2011, 6(5): 296

[24]

Lee P, Lee J, Lee H, et al. Flexible electronics: highly stretchable and highly conductive metal electrode by very long metal nanowire percolation network. Adv Mater, 2012, 24(25): 3326

[25]

Martinez V, Stauffer F, Adagunodo M O, et al. Stretchable silver nanowire-elastomer composite microelectrodes with tailored electrical properties. ACS Appl Mater Interfaces, 2015, 7(24): 13467

[26]

Henley S J, Cann M, Jurewicz I, et al. Laser patterning of transparent conductive metal nanowire coatings: simulation and experiment. Nanoscale, 2014, 6(2): 946

[27]

Madaria A R, Kumar A, Ishikawa F N, et al. Uniform, highly conductive, and patterned transparent films of a percolating silver nanowire network on rigid and flexible substrates using a dry transfer technique. Nano Res, 2010, 3(8): 564

[28]

Liang J, Li L, Chen D, et al. Intrinsically stretchable and transparent thin-film transistors based on printable silver nanowires, carbon nanotubes and an elastomeric dielectric. Nat Commun, 2015, 6: 7647

[29]

Liang J, Tong K, Pei Q. A water-based silver-nanowire screen-print ink for the fabrication of stretchable conductors and wearable thin-film transistors. Adv Mater, 2016, 28(28): 5986

[30]

Matsuhisa N, Kaltenbrunner M, Yokota T, et al. Printable elastic conductors with a high conductivity for electronic textile applications. Nat Commun, 2015, 6: 7461

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W Yuan, X Z Wu, W B Gu, J Lin, Z Cui, Printed stretchable circuit on soft elastic substrate for wearable application[J]. J. Semicond., 2018, 39(1): 015002. doi: 10.1088/1674-4926/39/1/015002.

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History

Manuscript received: 31 July 2017 Manuscript revised: 13 October 2017 Online: Accepted Manuscript: 27 December 2017 Published: 01 January 2018

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