J. Semicond. > Volume 40 > Issue 11 > Article Number: 112601

Screen-printed soft triboelectric nanogenerator with porous PDMS and stretchable PEDOT:PSS electrode

Haochuan Wan 1, , Yunqi Cao 2, , Li-Wei Lo 1, 3, , Zhihao Xu 1, , Nelson Sepúlveda 2, and Chuan Wang 1, 3, ,

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Abstract: The recent development on wearable and stretchable electronics calls for skin conformable power sources that are beyond current battery technologies. Among the many novel energy devices being explored, triboelectric nanogenerator (TENG) made from intrinsically stretchable materials has a great potential to meet the above requirement as being both soft and efficient. In this paper, we present a lithography-free and low-cost TENG device comprising a porous-structured PDMS layer and a stretchable PEDOT:PSS electrode. The porous PDMS structure is formed by using self-assembled polystyrene beads as the sacrificial template and it is highly ordered with great uniformity and high structural stability under compression force. Moreover, the porous PDMS TENG exhibits improved output voltage and current of 1.65 V and 0.54 nA compared to its counterpart with non-porous PDMS with 0.66 V and 0.34 nA. The effect of different loading force and frequency on the output response of the TENG device has also been studied. This work could shed light on diverse structural modification methods for improving the performance of PDMS-based TENG and the development of intrinsically stretchable TENG for wearable device applications.

Key words: triboelectric nanogenerator (TENG)porous PDMSstretchable materialswearable electronics

Abstract: The recent development on wearable and stretchable electronics calls for skin conformable power sources that are beyond current battery technologies. Among the many novel energy devices being explored, triboelectric nanogenerator (TENG) made from intrinsically stretchable materials has a great potential to meet the above requirement as being both soft and efficient. In this paper, we present a lithography-free and low-cost TENG device comprising a porous-structured PDMS layer and a stretchable PEDOT:PSS electrode. The porous PDMS structure is formed by using self-assembled polystyrene beads as the sacrificial template and it is highly ordered with great uniformity and high structural stability under compression force. Moreover, the porous PDMS TENG exhibits improved output voltage and current of 1.65 V and 0.54 nA compared to its counterpart with non-porous PDMS with 0.66 V and 0.34 nA. The effect of different loading force and frequency on the output response of the TENG device has also been studied. This work could shed light on diverse structural modification methods for improving the performance of PDMS-based TENG and the development of intrinsically stretchable TENG for wearable device applications.

Key words: triboelectric nanogenerator (TENG)porous PDMSstretchable materialswearable electronics



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Fan F R, Tang W, Wang Z L. Flexible nanogenerators for energy harvesting and self-powered electronics. Adv Mater, 2016, 28(22), 4283

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Chen J, Guo H, He X, et al. Enhancing performance of triboelectric nanogenerator by filling high dielectric nanoparticles into sponge PDMS film. ACS Appl Mater interfaces, 2015, 8(1), 736

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Zhu Y, Yang B, Liu J, et al. A flexible and biocompatible triboelectric nanogenerator with tunable internal resistance for powering wearable devices. Sci Rep, 2016, 6, 22233

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Wang S, Lin L, Wang Z L. Nanoscale triboelectric-effect-enabled energy conversion for sustainably powering portable electronics. Nano Lett, 2012, 12(12), 6339

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Fan F R, Lin L, Zhu G, et al. Transparent triboelectric nanogenerators and self-powered pressure sensors based on micropatterned plastic films. Nano Lett, 2012, 12(6), 3109

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Lee K Y, Chun J, Lee J H, et al. Hydrophobic sponge structure-based triboelectric nanogenerator. Adv Mater, 2014, 26(29), 5037

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Wang Y, Zhu C, Pfattner R, et al. A highly stretchable, transparent, and conductive polymer. Sci Adv, 2017, 3(3), e1602076

[21]

He X, Mu X, Wen Q, et al. Flexible and transparent triboelectric nanogenerator based on high performance well-ordered porous PDMS dielectric film. Nano Res, 2016, 9(12), 3714

[22]

Chen X, Miao L, Guo H, et al. Waterproof and stretchable triboelectric nanogenerator for biomechanical energy harvesting and self-powered sensing. Appl Phys Lett, 2018, 112(20), 203902

[23]

Dagdeviren C, Yang B D, Su Y, et al. Conformal piezoelectric energy harvesting and storage from motions of the heart, lung, and diaphragm. Proc Natl Acad Sci, 2014, 111(5), 1927

[1]

Wang C, Hwang D, Yu Z, et al. User-interactive electronic skin for instantaneous pressure visualization. Nat Mater, 2013, 12(10), 899

[2]

Bade S G R, Shan X, Hoang P T, et al. Stretchable light-emitting diodes with organometal-halide-perovskite-polymer composite emitters. Adv Mater, 2017, 29(23), 1607053

[3]

Cao X, Lau C, Liu Y, et al. Fully screen-printed, large-area, and flexible active-matrix electrochromic displays using carbon nanotube thin-film transistors. ACS Nano, 2016, 10(11), 9816

[4]

Gao W, Emaminejad S, Nyein H Y Y, et al. Fully integrated wearable sensor arrays for multiplexed in situ perspiration analysis. Nature, 2016, 529(7587), 509

[5]

Cai L, Zhang S, Zhang Y, et al. Direct printing for additive patterning of silver nanowires for stretchable sensor and display applications. Adv Mater Technol, 2018, 3(2), 1700232

[6]

Shi H, Al-Rubaiai M, Holbrook C M, et al. Screen-printed soft capacitive sensors for spatial mapping of both positive and negative pressures. Adv Funct Mater, 2019, 29, 1809116

[7]

Boutry C M, Beker L, Kaizawa Y, et al. Biodegradable and flexible arterial-pulse sensor for the wireless monitoring of blood flow. Nat Biomed Eng, 2019, 3(1), 47

[8]

Kim Y, Chortos A, Xu W, et al. A bioinspired flexible organic artificial afferent nerve. Science, 2018, 360(6392), 998

[9]

Yang R, Qin Y, Dai L, et al. Power generation with laterally packaged piezoelectric fine wires. Nat Nanotechnol, 2009, 4(1), 34

[10]

Li W, Torres D, Wang T, et al. Flexible and biocompatible polypropylene ferroelectret nanogenerator (FENG): on the path toward wearable devices powered by human motion. Nano Energy, 2016, 30, 649

[11]

Cao Y, Figueroa J, Pastrana J, et al. Flexible ferroelectret polymer for self-powering devices and energy storage systems. ACS Appl Mater Interfaces, 2019, 11, 17400

[12]

Fan F R, Tian Z Q, Wang Z L. Flexible triboelectric generator. Nano Energy, 2012, 1(2), 328

[13]

Zi Y, Guo H, Wen Z, et al. Harvesting low-frequency (< 5 Hz) irregular mechanical energy: a possible killer application of triboelectric nanogenerator. ACS Nano, 2016, 10(4), 4797

[14]

Fan F R, Tang W, Wang Z L. Flexible nanogenerators for energy harvesting and self-powered electronics. Adv Mater, 2016, 28(22), 4283

[15]

Chen J, Guo H, He X, et al. Enhancing performance of triboelectric nanogenerator by filling high dielectric nanoparticles into sponge PDMS film. ACS Appl Mater interfaces, 2015, 8(1), 736

[16]

Zhu Y, Yang B, Liu J, et al. A flexible and biocompatible triboelectric nanogenerator with tunable internal resistance for powering wearable devices. Sci Rep, 2016, 6, 22233

[17]

Wang S, Lin L, Wang Z L. Nanoscale triboelectric-effect-enabled energy conversion for sustainably powering portable electronics. Nano Lett, 2012, 12(12), 6339

[18]

Fan F R, Lin L, Zhu G, et al. Transparent triboelectric nanogenerators and self-powered pressure sensors based on micropatterned plastic films. Nano Lett, 2012, 12(6), 3109

[19]

Lee K Y, Chun J, Lee J H, et al. Hydrophobic sponge structure-based triboelectric nanogenerator. Adv Mater, 2014, 26(29), 5037

[20]

Wang Y, Zhu C, Pfattner R, et al. A highly stretchable, transparent, and conductive polymer. Sci Adv, 2017, 3(3), e1602076

[21]

He X, Mu X, Wen Q, et al. Flexible and transparent triboelectric nanogenerator based on high performance well-ordered porous PDMS dielectric film. Nano Res, 2016, 9(12), 3714

[22]

Chen X, Miao L, Guo H, et al. Waterproof and stretchable triboelectric nanogenerator for biomechanical energy harvesting and self-powered sensing. Appl Phys Lett, 2018, 112(20), 203902

[23]

Dagdeviren C, Yang B D, Su Y, et al. Conformal piezoelectric energy harvesting and storage from motions of the heart, lung, and diaphragm. Proc Natl Acad Sci, 2014, 111(5), 1927

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H C Wan, Y Q Cao, L W Lo, Z H Xu, N Sepúlveda, C Wang, Screen-printed soft triboelectric nanogenerator with porous PDMS and stretchable PEDOT:PSS electrode[J]. J. Semicond., 2019, 40(11): 112601. doi: 10.1088/1674-4926/40/11/112601.

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History

Manuscript received: 09 August 2019 Manuscript revised: 26 September 2019 Online: Accepted Manuscript: 12 October 2019 Uncorrected proof: 21 October 2019 Published: 08 November 2019

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