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Self-charging power textiles integrating energy harvesting triboelectric nanogenerators with energy storage batteries/supercapacitors

Kai Dong1, 2, and Zhong Lin Wang1, 2, 3,

+ Author Affiliations

 Corresponding author: Kai Dong, dongkai@binn.cas.cn; Zhong Lin Wang, zhong.wang@mse.gatech.edu

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Abstract: Lightweight and flexible self-charging power systems with synchronous energy harvesting and energy storage abilities are highly desired in the era of the internet of things and artificial intelligences, which can provide stable, sustainable, and autonomous power sources for ubiquitous, distributed, and low-power wearable electronics. However, there is a lack of comprehensive review and challenging discussion on the state-of-the-art of the triboelectric nanogenetor (TENG)-based self-charging power textiles, which have a great possibility to become the future energy autonomy power sources. Herein, the recent progress of the self-charging power textiles hybridizing fiber/fabric based TENGs and fiber/fabric shaped batteries/supercapacitors is comprehensively summarized from the aspect of textile structural designs. Based on the current research status, the key bottlenecks and brighter prospects of self-charging power textiles are also discussed in the end. It is hoped that the summary and prospect of the latest research of self-charging power textiles can help relevant researchers accurately grasp the research progress, focus on the key scientific and technological issues, and promote further research and practical application process.

Key words: self-charging power textilestriboelectric nanogeneratorsenergy harvestingbatteries/supercapacitorsenergy storagepower management system



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Fig. 1.  (Color online) Schematic illustration of self-charging power textiles, mainly including fiber/fabric-based energy harvesting units, fiber/fabric-based energy storage unit, and power management circuits.

Fig. 2.  (Color online) All-in-one integrated self-charging power systems based on different hybridizing modes, including (a) photorechargeable energy storage system. Reproduced with the permission from Ref. [9]. Copyright 2019, Elsevier. (b) Triboelectric coupled with microsupercapacitor self-charging system. Reproduced with the permission from Ref. [33]. Copyright 2020, Elsevier. (c) Piezoelectric-driven electrochemical self-charging SC power cell. Reproduced with the permission from Ref. [34]. Copyright 2020, Springer Nature Group. (d) Biofuel cell and SC hybrid self-charging system. Reproduced with the permission from Ref. [35]. Copyright 2018, The Royal Society of Chemistry.

Fig. 3.  (Color online) All-in-one self-charging power fibers. (a) A flexible coaxial self-charging fiber with a fiber-shaped TENG outside and a fiber-shaped SC inside. Adapted with permission from Ref. [48]. Copyright 2018, American Chemical Society. (b) Multifunctional coaxial energy-autonomy fiber composed of an all fiber-shaped TENG, SC, and pressure sensor. Reproduced with permission from Ref. [49]. Copyright 2021, American Chemical Society. (c) A hybrid smart self-charging fiber with asymmetry coaxial structure by a spontaneous energy generation and storage. Reproduced with permission from Ref. [50]. Copyright 2020, Wiley.

Fig. 4.  (Color online) Self-charging power textiles developed with interwoven TENG fabrics. (a) A novel integrated self-charging power unit consisting of a flexible energy harvesting TENG cloth and a flexible LIB belt. Reproduced with permission from Ref. [51]. Copyright 2015, Wiley. (b) A textile self-charging power system designed by charging a fiber SC with a TENG cloth. Reproduced with permission from Ref. [52]. Copyright 2016, Wiley. (c) A one-piece self-charging power textile integrating a fabric TENG and woven SC for simultaneously harvesting and storing body motion energy to sustainably drive wearable electronics. Reproduced with permission from Ref. [54]. Copyright 2020, Elsevier. (d) Self-charging power fabric integrated with direct current TENG and fiber SCs. Reproduced with permission from Ref. [56]. Copyright 2020, American Chemical Society.

Fig. 5.  (Color online) Self-charging power textiles fabricated with fiber-based TENGs and fiber-based SCs. (a) A highly stretchable and washable all-yarn-based self-charging knitting power textile composed of fiber TENG and fiber SC. Reproduced with permission from Ref. [58]. Copyright 2017, American Chemical Society. (b) Self-charging power textile interwoven by all-yarn-based energy harvesting TENG and energy storing yarn-type asymmetric SC. Reproduced with permission from Ref. [60]. Copyright 2019, Wiley. (c) All-in-one self-charging power textile developed by integrating fiber TENG with all-solid-state fiber-based asymmetric SC. Reproduced with permission from Ref. [63]. Copyright 2021, Elsevier.

Fig. 6.  (Color online) Self-charging power textiles developed from fabric substrates. (a) Wearable fabric-based integrated self-charging power supply system developed by storing triboelectric energy harvesting energy in an integrated SC. Reproduced with permission from Ref. [65]. Copyright 2014, Wiley. (b) Stretchable coplanar self-charging power textile with resist-dyeing TENG and microsupercapacitors. Reproduced with permission from Ref. [66]. Copyright 2020, American Chemical Society. (c) Integrating a TENG with a zinc-ion battery with a 3D spacer fabric structure. Reproduced with permission from Ref. [67]. Copyright 2018, Wiley.

Fig. 7.  (Color online) Fabric-based self-charging power systems with membranous constructions. (a) An ultralight and flexible self-charging power system via all electrospun paper based on TENGs as energy harvester and all electrospun paper based SCs as storage device. Reproduced with permission from Ref. [71]. Copyright 2017, Elsevier. (b) Paper-based self-charging power system consisting of a paper-based TENG and a paper-based SC. Reproduced with permission from Ref. [72]. Copyright 2019, American Chemical Society. (c) An integrated energy harvesting and storage system with TENG-integrated SC structure. Reproduced with permission from Ref. [73]. Copyright 2020, Elsevier. (d) A self-charging power unit by integrating MXene-based MSCs with TENG. Reproduced with permission from Ref. [74]. Copyright 2018, Elsevier.

Fig. 8.  (Color online) Self-charging power textiles with multi-modular energy harvesting methods. (a) Self-powered textiles for wearable electronics by hybridizing fiber-shaped TENGs, solar cells, and SCs. Reproduced from permission from Ref. [79]. Copyright 2016, AAAS. (b) Highly elastic self-charging power bracelet consisting of two energy harvesting devices, i.e., TENG and FDSSC, and an energy storage device. Reproduced from permission from Ref. [80]. Copyright 2019, Elsevier. (c) Self-sustainable wearable multi-modular E-textile by harvesting biochemical and biomechanical energy using sweat-based BFCs and TENGs and regulating the harvested energy via SCs. Adapted from permission from Ref. [81]. Copyright 2021, Springer Nature Group.

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    Received: 05 June 2021 Revised: 19 July 2021 Online: Accepted Manuscript: 23 August 2021Uncorrected proof: 24 August 2021Published: 15 October 2021

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      Kai Dong, Zhong Lin Wang. Self-charging power textiles integrating energy harvesting triboelectric nanogenerators with energy storage batteries/supercapacitors[J]. Journal of Semiconductors, 2021, 42(10): 101601. doi: 10.1088/1674-4926/42/10/101601 K Dong, Z L Wang, Self-charging power textiles integrating energy harvesting triboelectric nanogenerators with energy storage batteries/supercapacitors[J]. J. Semicond., 2021, 42(10): 101601. doi: 10.1088/1674-4926/42/10/101601.Export: BibTex EndNote
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      Kai Dong, Zhong Lin Wang. Self-charging power textiles integrating energy harvesting triboelectric nanogenerators with energy storage batteries/supercapacitors[J]. Journal of Semiconductors, 2021, 42(10): 101601. doi: 10.1088/1674-4926/42/10/101601

      K Dong, Z L Wang, Self-charging power textiles integrating energy harvesting triboelectric nanogenerators with energy storage batteries/supercapacitors[J]. J. Semicond., 2021, 42(10): 101601. doi: 10.1088/1674-4926/42/10/101601.
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      Self-charging power textiles integrating energy harvesting triboelectric nanogenerators with energy storage batteries/supercapacitors

      doi: 10.1088/1674-4926/42/10/101601
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      • Kai Dong:is an associate professor in the Beijing Institute of Nanoenergy and Nanosystems at the Chinese Academy of Sciences, China. He received his MS and PhD degrees in textile science and engineering from Donghua University, China, in 2015 and 2018, respectively. He was a visiting scholar at the school of Materials Science and Engineering of Georgia Institute of Technology, USA, from 2016 to 2018. He joined Donghua University from November 2018 to June 2019 as a faculty member. His main research interests include smart/electronic textiles, fiber/fabric-based piezoelectric and triboelectric nanogenerators, and textile-based self-powered wearable sensors, electronic skins, and soft robotics
      • Zhong Lin Wang:is the director of the Beijing Institute of Nanoenergy and Nanosystems, and Regents’ Professor at Georgia Institute of Technology. He pioneered the nanogenerators from fundamental science to technological applications. His research on self-powered nanosystems has inspired the worldwide effort in academia and industry for studying energy for micro-nanosystems. He coined and pioneered the fields of piezotronics and piezophototronics for third-generation semiconductors. He is ranked #15 among 100 000 scientists across all fields worldwide. His google scholar citation is over 270 000 with an h-index of over 250. He has received the Celsius Lecture Laureate, Uppsala University, Sweden (2020); The Albert Einstein World Award of Science (2019); Diels-Planck Lecture Award (2019); and the ENI Award in Energy Frontiers (2018); Global Nanoenergy Prize, Thomas Router Citation Laureate in Physics (2015); The James C. McGroddy Prize in New Materials from American Physical Society (2014); and MRS Medal from Materials Research Society (2011)
      • Corresponding author: dongkai@binn.cas.cnzhong.wang@mse.gatech.edu
      • Received Date: 2021-06-05
      • Revised Date: 2021-07-19
      • Published Date: 2021-10-10

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