J. Semicond. > Volume 37 > Issue 1 > Article Number: 013003

Green preparation of Au nanoparticles for electrochemical detection of H2O2

Wenchao Wang 1, , , Ye Ji 2, , Yong Zhang 2, , Ziying Wang 2, and Tong Zhang 2, 3, ,

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Abstract: A simple and green method for preparation of Au nanoparticles by reduction of HAuCl4 using carbon nanodots as the reducing agent is reported. The carbon nanodots were prepared by a green method as well, using hydrothermal treatment of grass. It is observed that Au nanoparticles show obvious electrochemical catalytic ability for reduction of hydrogen peroxide, leading to its application of a high-performance non-enzymatic hydrogen peroxide sensor. The hydrogen peroxide sensor based on Au nanoparticles was made, with the detection limit at 23 μ M and linear range between 0.1-160 mM.

Key words: nanoparticleselectrochemical detectioncarbon nanodotshydrogen peroxide sensor

Abstract: A simple and green method for preparation of Au nanoparticles by reduction of HAuCl4 using carbon nanodots as the reducing agent is reported. The carbon nanodots were prepared by a green method as well, using hydrothermal treatment of grass. It is observed that Au nanoparticles show obvious electrochemical catalytic ability for reduction of hydrogen peroxide, leading to its application of a high-performance non-enzymatic hydrogen peroxide sensor. The hydrogen peroxide sensor based on Au nanoparticles was made, with the detection limit at 23 μ M and linear range between 0.1-160 mM.

Key words: nanoparticleselectrochemical detectioncarbon nanodotshydrogen peroxide sensor



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[1]

Tapan K S, Catherine J M. Room temperature, high-yield synthesis of multiple shapes of gold nanoparticles in aqueous solution[J]. J Am Chem Soc, 2004, 126(28): 8648.

[2]

Li Yingying, Cheng Chuanwei, Dong Xiang. Facile fabrication of UV photodetectors based on ZnO nanorod networks across trenched electrodes[J]. Journal of Semiconductors, 2009, 30(6): 3004.

[3]

Wang Guangli, Chen Yubin, Shi Yi. Density-controllable nonvolatile memory devices having metal nanocrystals through chemical synthesis and assembled by spin-coating technique[J]. Journal of Semiconductors, 2010, 31(12): 4011.

[4]

Ji Xiaohui, Song Xiangning, Li Jun. Size control of gold nanocrystals in citrate reduction:the third role of citrate[J]. J Am Chem Soc, 2007, 129(45): 13939.

[5]

Zhang Yingwei, Chang Guohui, Liu Sen. Green preparation of Au nanoplates and their application for glucose sensing[J]. Biosens and Bioelectronics, 2011, 28: 344.

[6]

Fan X, Liu L, Guo Z. Facile synthesis of networked gold nanowires based on the redox characters of aniline[J]. Mater Lett, 2010, 64(23): 2652.

[7]

Fan C, Zhao S, Chen J. Efficient one pot synthesis of chitosan-induced gold nanoparticles by microwave irradiation[J]. Mater Lett, 2008, 62(20): 3518.

[8]

Sandip S, Anjali P, Subrata K. Photochemical green synthesis of calcium-alginate-stabilized Ag and Au nanoparticles and their catalytic application to 4-nitrophenol reduction[J]. Langmuir, 2010, 26(4): 2885.

[9]

Liu S, Tian J, Wang L. Hydrothermal treatment of grass:a low cost, green route to nitrogen-doped, carbon-rich, photoluminescent polymer nanodots that can be used as an effective fluorescent sensing platform for label-free sensitive and selective detection of Cu(Ⅱ) ions[J]. Adv Mater, 2012, 24: 2037.

[10]

Liu S, Yu B, Zhang T. Nitrogen-doped carbon nanodots as reducing agent to synthesize Ag nanoparticles for non-enzymatic hydrogen peroxide detection[J]. RSC Adv, 2014, 4: 544.

[11]

Wang Xiliang, Long Yijuan, Wang Qinlong. Reduced state carbon dots as both reductant and stabilizer for the synthesis of gold nanoparticles[J]. Carbon, 2013, 64: 499.

[12]

Liu Sen, Yu Bo, Li Feng. Coaxial electrospinning route to prepare Au-loading SnO2 hollow microtubes for non-enzymatic detection of H2O2[J]. Electriochim Acta, 2014, 141: 161.

[13]

Chi C H, Ten C W, Yen W. Site-selective deposition of ultra-fine Au nanoparticles on polyaniline nanofibers for H2O2 sensing[J]. Mater Chem Phys, 2010, 122: 392.

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W C Wang, Y Ji, Y Zhang, Z Y Wang, T Zhang. Green preparation of Au nanoparticles for electrochemical detection of H2O2[J]. J. Semicond., 2016, 37(1): 013003. doi: 10.1088/1674-4926/37/1/013003.

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Manuscript received: 03 June 2015 Manuscript revised: Online: Published: 01 January 2016

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