J. Semicond. > Volume 39 > Issue 1 > Article Number: 011004

The applications of carbon nanomaterials in fiber-shaped energy storage devices

Jingxia Wu , Yang Hong and Bingjie Wang ,

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Abstract: As a promising candidate for future demand, fiber-shaped electrochemical energy storage devices, such as supercapacitors and lithium-ion batteries have obtained considerable attention from academy to industry. Carbon nanomaterials, such as carbon nanotube and graphene, have been widely investigated as electrode materials due to their merits of light weight, flexibility and high capacitance. In this review, recent progress of carbon nanomaterials in flexible fiber-shaped energy storage devices has been summarized in accordance with the development of fibrous electrodes, including the diversified electrode preparation, functional and intelligent device structure, and large-scale production of fibrous electrodes or devices.

Key words: carbon nanotubegraphenefiber-shapedsupercapacitorlithium ion battery

Abstract: As a promising candidate for future demand, fiber-shaped electrochemical energy storage devices, such as supercapacitors and lithium-ion batteries have obtained considerable attention from academy to industry. Carbon nanomaterials, such as carbon nanotube and graphene, have been widely investigated as electrode materials due to their merits of light weight, flexibility and high capacitance. In this review, recent progress of carbon nanomaterials in flexible fiber-shaped energy storage devices has been summarized in accordance with the development of fibrous electrodes, including the diversified electrode preparation, functional and intelligent device structure, and large-scale production of fibrous electrodes or devices.

Key words: carbon nanotubegraphenefiber-shapedsupercapacitorlithium ion battery



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Zhang Y, Zhao Y, Ren J, et al. Advances in wearable fiber-shaped lithium-ion batteries. Adv Mater, 2015, 28: 4524

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Sun X M, Sun H, Li H P, et al. Developing polymer composite materials: carbon nanotubes or graphene. Adv Mater, 2013, 25: 5153

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Ren J, Li L, Chen C, et al. Twisting carbon nanotube fibers for both wire-shaped micro-supercapacitor and micro-battery. Adv Mater, 2013, 25(8): 1155

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Chen X L, Qiu L B, Ren J, et al. Novel electric double-layer capacitor with a coaxial fiber structure. Adv Mater, 2013, 25(44): 6436

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Xu Z, Gao C. Graphene chiral liquid crystals and macroscopic assembled fibres. Nat Commun, 2011, 2: 571

[11]

Xu Z, Sun H Y, Zhao X L, et al. Ultrastrong fibers assembled from giant graphene oxide sheets. Adv Mater, 2013, 25: 188

[12]

Dong Z L, Jiang C C, Cheng H H, et al. Facile fabrication of light, flexible and multifunctional graphene fibers. Adv Mater, 2012, 24: 1856

[13]

Meng Y N, Zhao Y, Hu C G, et al. All-graphene core-sheath microfibers for all-solid-state, stretchable fibriform supercapacitors and wearable electronic textiles. Adv Mater, 2013, 25(16): 2326

[14]

Hu Y, Cheng H H, Zhao F, et al. All-in-one graphene fiber supercapacitor. Nanoscale, 2014, 6(12): 6448

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Hu X Z, Xu Z, Gao C. Multifunctional, supramolecular, continuous artificial nacre fibres. Sci Rep, 2012, 2: 767

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Xu Z, Zhang Y, Li P G, et al. Strong, conductive, lightweight, neat graphene aerogel fibers with aligned pores. ACS Nano, 2012, 8(55): 7103

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Gopalsamy K, Xu Z, Zheng B N, et al. Bismuth oxide nanotubes–graphene fiber-based flexible supercapacitors. Nanoscale, 2014, 6: 8595

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Sun H, You X, Deng J E, et al. Novel graphene/carbon nanotube composite fibers for efficient wire-shaped miniature energy devices. Adv Mater, 2014, 26(18): 2868

[19]

Cheng H H, Dong Z L, Hu C G, et al. Textile electrodes woven by carbon nanotube-graphene hybrid fibers for flexible electrochemical capacitors. Nanoscale, 2013, 5(8): 3428

[20]

Ma Y, Li P, Sedloff J W, et al. Conductive graphene fibers for wire-shaped supercapacitors strengthened by unfunctionalized few-walled carbon nanotubes. Acs Nano, 2015, 9(2): 1352

[21]

Kou L, Huang T Q, Zheng B N, et al. Coaxial wet-spun yarn supercapacitors for high-energy density and safe wearable electronics. Nat Commun, 2014, 5(5): 3754

[22]

Ren J, Bai W Y, Guan G Z, et al. Flexible and weaveable capacitor wire based on a carbon nanocomposite Fiber. Adv Mater, 2013, 25(41): 5965

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Su F H, Miao M H. Asymmetric carbon nanotube-MnO2 two-ply yarn supercapacitors for wearable electronics. Nanotechnology, 2014, 25(13): 135401

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Choi C, Lee J A, Choi A Y, et al. Flexible supercapacitor made of carbon nanotube yarn with internal pores. Adv Mater, 2014, 26(13): 2059

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Chen Q, Meng Y N, Hu C G, et al. MnO2-modified hierarchical graphene fiber electrochemical supercapacitor. J Power Sources, 2014, 247(3): 32

[26]

Lee J A, Shin M K, Kim S H, et al. Ultrafast charge and discharge biscrolled yarn supercapacitors for textiles and microdevices. Nat Commun, 2013, 4(3): 1970

[27]

Ding X T, Zhao Y, Hu C G, et al. Spinning fabrication of graphene/polypyrrole composite fibers for all-solid-state, flexible fibriform supercapacitors. J Mater Chem A, 2014, 2(31): 12355

[28]

Cai Z B, Li L, Ren J, et al. Flexible, weavable and efficient microsupercapacitor wires based on polyaniline composite fibers incorporated with aligned carbon nanotubes. J Mater Chem A, 2013, 1(2): 258

[29]

Wang K, Meng Q H, Zhang Y J, et al. High-performance two-ply yarn supercapacitors based on carbon nanotubes and polyaniline nanowire arrays. Adv Mater, 2013, 25(10): 1494

[30]

Wang B J, Wu Q Q, Sun H, et al. An intercalated graphene/(molybdenum disulfide) hybrid fiber for capacitive energy storage. J Mater Chem A, 2017, 5: 925

[31]

Zheng B N, Huang T Q, Kou L, et al. Graphene fiber-based asymmetric micro-supercapacitors. J Mater Chem A, 2014, 2(25): 9736

[32]

Yu D S, Goh K L, Zhang Q, et al. Controlled functionalization of carbonaceous fibers for asymmetric solid-state micro-supercapacitors with high volumetric energy density. Adv Mater, 2014, 26(39): 6790

[33]

Xu P, Gu T L, Cao Z Y, et al. Carbon nanotube fiber based stretchable wire-shaped supercapacitors. Adv Energy Mater, 2014, 4(3): 618

[34]

Yang Z B, Deng J, Chen X L, et al. A Highly stretchable, fiber-shaped supercapacitor. Angew Chem Int Ed, 2013, 52(50): 13453

[35]

Zhang Z T, Deng J, Li X Y, et al. Superelastic supercapacitors with high performances during stretching. Adv Mater, 2015, 27(2): 356

[36]

Zhang Y, Bai W Y, Cheng X L, et al. Flexible and stretchable lithium ion batteries and supercapacitors based on electrically conducting carbon nanotube fiber springs. Angew Chem Int Ed, 2014, 53(52): 14564

[37]

Sun H, You X, Jiang Y S, et al. Self-healable electrically conducting wires for wearable microelectronics. Angew Chem Int Ed, 2014, 53(36): 9526

[38]

Chen X L, Lin H J, Deng J, et al. Electrochromic fiber-shaped supercapacitors. Adv Mater, 2014, 26(48): 8126

[39]

Deng J, Zhang Y, Zhao Y, et al. A shape-memory supercapacitor fiber. Angew Chem Int Ed, 2015, 54(51): 15419

[40]

Sun H, Fu X M, Xie S L, et al. Electrochemical capacitors with high output voltages that mimic electric eels. Adv Mater, 2016, 28: 2070

[41]

Lin H J, Weng W, Ren J, et al. Twisted aligned carbon nanotube/silicon composite fiber anode for flexible wire-shaped lithium ion battery. Adv Mater, 2014, 26(8): 1217

[42]

Weng W, Sun Q, Zhang Y, et al. Winding aligned carbon nanotube composite yarns into coaxial fiber full batteries with high performances. Nano Lett, 2014, 14(6): 3432

[43]

Ren J, Zhang Y, Bai W Y, et al. Elastic and wearable wire-shaped lithium ion battery with high electrochemical performance. Angew Chem Int Ed, 2014, 53(30): 7864

[44]

Zhang Y, Bai W Y, Ren J, et al. Super-stretchy lithium ion battery based on carbon nanotube fiber. J Mater Chem A, 2014, 2(29): 11054

[45]

Fang X, Weng W, Ren J, et al. A cable-shaped lithium sulfur battery. Adv Mater, 2016, 28: 491

[46]

Park J, Park M, Nam G, et al. All-solid-state cable-type flexible zinc–air battery. Adv Mater, 2015, 27: 1396

[47]

Xu Y F, Zhao Y, Guo Z Y, et al. Flexible, stretchable, and rechargeable fiber-shaped zinc–air battery based on cross-stacked carbon nanotube sheets. Angew Chem Int Ed, 2015, 54: 15390

[48]

Xu Y F, Zhao Y, Ren J, et al. An all-solid-state fiber-shaped aluminum–air battery with flexibility, stretchability, and high electrochemical performance. Angew Chem Int Ed, 2016, 55: 7979

[49]

Zhang Y, Wang L, Guo Z Y, et al. High-performance lithium–air battery with a coaxial-fiber architecture. Angew Chem Int Ed, 2016, 55: 4487

[50]

Sun H, Xie S L, Li Y M, et al. Large-area supercapacitor textiles with novel hierarchical conducting structures. Adv Mater, 2016, 28: 8431

[51]

Yu D S, Goh K, Wang H, et al. Scalable synthesis of hierarchically structured carbon nanotube-graphene fibres for capacitive energy storage. Nat Nanotechnol, 2014, 9(7): 555

[52]

Wang B J, Fang X, Sun H, et al. Fabricating continuous supercapacitor fibers with high performances by integrating all building materials and steps into one process. Adv Mater, 2015, 27: 7854

[53]

Xu D, Ding X T, Liang Y, et al. Direct spinning of fiber supercapacitor. Nanoscale, 2016, 8: 12113

[1]

Yu D S, Qian Q H, Wei L, et al. Emergence of fiber supercapacitors. Chem Soc Rev, 2015, 44: 647

[2]

Zhang Z T, Zhang Y, Li Y, et al. The advancement of fiber-shaped energy harvesting and storage devices. Acta Polym Sin, 2016, 10: 1284

[3]

Zhang Y, Zhao Y, Ren J, et al. Advances in wearable fiber-shaped lithium-ion batteries. Adv Mater, 2015, 28: 4524

[4]

Dalton A B, Collins S, Munoz E, et al. Super-tough carbon-nanotube fibres-these extraordinary composite fibres can be woven into electronic textiles. Nature, 2003, 423(6941): 703

[5]

Jiang K L, Li Q Q, Fan S S. Nanotechnology: spinning continuous carbon nanotube yarns. Nature, 2002, 419: 801

[6]

Li Q W, Li Y, Zhang X F, et al. Structure-dependent electrical properties of carbon nanotube fibers. Adv Mater, 2007, 19: 3358

[7]

Sun X M, Sun H, Li H P, et al. Developing polymer composite materials: carbon nanotubes or graphene. Adv Mater, 2013, 25: 5153

[8]

Ren J, Li L, Chen C, et al. Twisting carbon nanotube fibers for both wire-shaped micro-supercapacitor and micro-battery. Adv Mater, 2013, 25(8): 1155

[9]

Chen X L, Qiu L B, Ren J, et al. Novel electric double-layer capacitor with a coaxial fiber structure. Adv Mater, 2013, 25(44): 6436

[10]

Xu Z, Gao C. Graphene chiral liquid crystals and macroscopic assembled fibres. Nat Commun, 2011, 2: 571

[11]

Xu Z, Sun H Y, Zhao X L, et al. Ultrastrong fibers assembled from giant graphene oxide sheets. Adv Mater, 2013, 25: 188

[12]

Dong Z L, Jiang C C, Cheng H H, et al. Facile fabrication of light, flexible and multifunctional graphene fibers. Adv Mater, 2012, 24: 1856

[13]

Meng Y N, Zhao Y, Hu C G, et al. All-graphene core-sheath microfibers for all-solid-state, stretchable fibriform supercapacitors and wearable electronic textiles. Adv Mater, 2013, 25(16): 2326

[14]

Hu Y, Cheng H H, Zhao F, et al. All-in-one graphene fiber supercapacitor. Nanoscale, 2014, 6(12): 6448

[15]

Hu X Z, Xu Z, Gao C. Multifunctional, supramolecular, continuous artificial nacre fibres. Sci Rep, 2012, 2: 767

[16]

Xu Z, Zhang Y, Li P G, et al. Strong, conductive, lightweight, neat graphene aerogel fibers with aligned pores. ACS Nano, 2012, 8(55): 7103

[17]

Gopalsamy K, Xu Z, Zheng B N, et al. Bismuth oxide nanotubes–graphene fiber-based flexible supercapacitors. Nanoscale, 2014, 6: 8595

[18]

Sun H, You X, Deng J E, et al. Novel graphene/carbon nanotube composite fibers for efficient wire-shaped miniature energy devices. Adv Mater, 2014, 26(18): 2868

[19]

Cheng H H, Dong Z L, Hu C G, et al. Textile electrodes woven by carbon nanotube-graphene hybrid fibers for flexible electrochemical capacitors. Nanoscale, 2013, 5(8): 3428

[20]

Ma Y, Li P, Sedloff J W, et al. Conductive graphene fibers for wire-shaped supercapacitors strengthened by unfunctionalized few-walled carbon nanotubes. Acs Nano, 2015, 9(2): 1352

[21]

Kou L, Huang T Q, Zheng B N, et al. Coaxial wet-spun yarn supercapacitors for high-energy density and safe wearable electronics. Nat Commun, 2014, 5(5): 3754

[22]

Ren J, Bai W Y, Guan G Z, et al. Flexible and weaveable capacitor wire based on a carbon nanocomposite Fiber. Adv Mater, 2013, 25(41): 5965

[23]

Su F H, Miao M H. Asymmetric carbon nanotube-MnO2 two-ply yarn supercapacitors for wearable electronics. Nanotechnology, 2014, 25(13): 135401

[24]

Choi C, Lee J A, Choi A Y, et al. Flexible supercapacitor made of carbon nanotube yarn with internal pores. Adv Mater, 2014, 26(13): 2059

[25]

Chen Q, Meng Y N, Hu C G, et al. MnO2-modified hierarchical graphene fiber electrochemical supercapacitor. J Power Sources, 2014, 247(3): 32

[26]

Lee J A, Shin M K, Kim S H, et al. Ultrafast charge and discharge biscrolled yarn supercapacitors for textiles and microdevices. Nat Commun, 2013, 4(3): 1970

[27]

Ding X T, Zhao Y, Hu C G, et al. Spinning fabrication of graphene/polypyrrole composite fibers for all-solid-state, flexible fibriform supercapacitors. J Mater Chem A, 2014, 2(31): 12355

[28]

Cai Z B, Li L, Ren J, et al. Flexible, weavable and efficient microsupercapacitor wires based on polyaniline composite fibers incorporated with aligned carbon nanotubes. J Mater Chem A, 2013, 1(2): 258

[29]

Wang K, Meng Q H, Zhang Y J, et al. High-performance two-ply yarn supercapacitors based on carbon nanotubes and polyaniline nanowire arrays. Adv Mater, 2013, 25(10): 1494

[30]

Wang B J, Wu Q Q, Sun H, et al. An intercalated graphene/(molybdenum disulfide) hybrid fiber for capacitive energy storage. J Mater Chem A, 2017, 5: 925

[31]

Zheng B N, Huang T Q, Kou L, et al. Graphene fiber-based asymmetric micro-supercapacitors. J Mater Chem A, 2014, 2(25): 9736

[32]

Yu D S, Goh K L, Zhang Q, et al. Controlled functionalization of carbonaceous fibers for asymmetric solid-state micro-supercapacitors with high volumetric energy density. Adv Mater, 2014, 26(39): 6790

[33]

Xu P, Gu T L, Cao Z Y, et al. Carbon nanotube fiber based stretchable wire-shaped supercapacitors. Adv Energy Mater, 2014, 4(3): 618

[34]

Yang Z B, Deng J, Chen X L, et al. A Highly stretchable, fiber-shaped supercapacitor. Angew Chem Int Ed, 2013, 52(50): 13453

[35]

Zhang Z T, Deng J, Li X Y, et al. Superelastic supercapacitors with high performances during stretching. Adv Mater, 2015, 27(2): 356

[36]

Zhang Y, Bai W Y, Cheng X L, et al. Flexible and stretchable lithium ion batteries and supercapacitors based on electrically conducting carbon nanotube fiber springs. Angew Chem Int Ed, 2014, 53(52): 14564

[37]

Sun H, You X, Jiang Y S, et al. Self-healable electrically conducting wires for wearable microelectronics. Angew Chem Int Ed, 2014, 53(36): 9526

[38]

Chen X L, Lin H J, Deng J, et al. Electrochromic fiber-shaped supercapacitors. Adv Mater, 2014, 26(48): 8126

[39]

Deng J, Zhang Y, Zhao Y, et al. A shape-memory supercapacitor fiber. Angew Chem Int Ed, 2015, 54(51): 15419

[40]

Sun H, Fu X M, Xie S L, et al. Electrochemical capacitors with high output voltages that mimic electric eels. Adv Mater, 2016, 28: 2070

[41]

Lin H J, Weng W, Ren J, et al. Twisted aligned carbon nanotube/silicon composite fiber anode for flexible wire-shaped lithium ion battery. Adv Mater, 2014, 26(8): 1217

[42]

Weng W, Sun Q, Zhang Y, et al. Winding aligned carbon nanotube composite yarns into coaxial fiber full batteries with high performances. Nano Lett, 2014, 14(6): 3432

[43]

Ren J, Zhang Y, Bai W Y, et al. Elastic and wearable wire-shaped lithium ion battery with high electrochemical performance. Angew Chem Int Ed, 2014, 53(30): 7864

[44]

Zhang Y, Bai W Y, Ren J, et al. Super-stretchy lithium ion battery based on carbon nanotube fiber. J Mater Chem A, 2014, 2(29): 11054

[45]

Fang X, Weng W, Ren J, et al. A cable-shaped lithium sulfur battery. Adv Mater, 2016, 28: 491

[46]

Park J, Park M, Nam G, et al. All-solid-state cable-type flexible zinc–air battery. Adv Mater, 2015, 27: 1396

[47]

Xu Y F, Zhao Y, Guo Z Y, et al. Flexible, stretchable, and rechargeable fiber-shaped zinc–air battery based on cross-stacked carbon nanotube sheets. Angew Chem Int Ed, 2015, 54: 15390

[48]

Xu Y F, Zhao Y, Ren J, et al. An all-solid-state fiber-shaped aluminum–air battery with flexibility, stretchability, and high electrochemical performance. Angew Chem Int Ed, 2016, 55: 7979

[49]

Zhang Y, Wang L, Guo Z Y, et al. High-performance lithium–air battery with a coaxial-fiber architecture. Angew Chem Int Ed, 2016, 55: 4487

[50]

Sun H, Xie S L, Li Y M, et al. Large-area supercapacitor textiles with novel hierarchical conducting structures. Adv Mater, 2016, 28: 8431

[51]

Yu D S, Goh K, Wang H, et al. Scalable synthesis of hierarchically structured carbon nanotube-graphene fibres for capacitive energy storage. Nat Nanotechnol, 2014, 9(7): 555

[52]

Wang B J, Fang X, Sun H, et al. Fabricating continuous supercapacitor fibers with high performances by integrating all building materials and steps into one process. Adv Mater, 2015, 27: 7854

[53]

Xu D, Ding X T, Liang Y, et al. Direct spinning of fiber supercapacitor. Nanoscale, 2016, 8: 12113

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J X Wu, Y Hong, B J Wang, The applications of carbon nanomaterials in fiber-shaped energy storage devices[J]. J. Semicond., 2018, 39(1): 011004. doi: 10.1088/1674-4926/39/1/011004.

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Manuscript received: 26 July 2017 Manuscript revised: 18 October 2017 Online: Accepted Manuscript: 27 December 2017 Published: 01 January 2018

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