J. Semicond. > Volume 37 > Issue 9 > Article Number: 095001

A fully integrated CMOS super-regenerative wake-up receiver for EEG applications

Yiqi Mao 1, 2, , Tongqiang Gao 1, 2, , Xiaodong Xu 1, , Haigang Yang 1, 2, , and Xinxia Cai 1, 2,

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Abstract: A fully integrated super-regenerative wake-up receiver for wireless body area network applications is presented. The super-regeneration receiver is designed to receive OOK-modulated data from the base station. A low power waveform generator is adopted both to provide a quench signal for VCO and to provide a clock signal for the digital module. The receiver is manufactured in 0.18 μm CMOS process and the active area is 0.67 mm2. It achieves a sensitivity of -80 dBm for 10-3 BER with a data rate of 200 kbps. The power consumption of the super-regenerative wake-up receiver is about 2.16 mW.

Key words: super-regenerative receiverwake-up circuitEEGOOKCMOS

Abstract: A fully integrated super-regenerative wake-up receiver for wireless body area network applications is presented. The super-regeneration receiver is designed to receive OOK-modulated data from the base station. A low power waveform generator is adopted both to provide a quench signal for VCO and to provide a clock signal for the digital module. The receiver is manufactured in 0.18 μm CMOS process and the active area is 0.67 mm2. It achieves a sensitivity of -80 dBm for 10-3 BER with a data rate of 200 kbps. The power consumption of the super-regenerative wake-up receiver is about 2.16 mW.

Key words: super-regenerative receiverwake-up circuitEEGOOKCMOS



References:

[1]

Armstrong E H. Some recent developments of regenerative circuits[J]. Proceedings of the Institute of Radio Engineers, 1922, 10(4): 244.

[2]

Favre P, Joehl N, Vouilloz A. A 2-V 600-μ A 1-GHz BiCMOS super-regenerative receiver for ISM application[J]. IEEE J Solid-State Circuit, 1998, 33(12): 2186. doi: 10.1109/4.735703

[3]

Zahabi A, Anis M, Ortmanns M. 2.4 GHz super-regeneration amplifier with degenerative quenching technique for RF-pulse width transceiver. IEEE International Symposium on Circuits and System (ISCAS), 2012: 2147

[4]

Otis B, Chee Y H, Rabaey J. A 400μ W-RX, 1.6 mW-TX super-regenerative transceiver for wireless sensor networks. Solid-State Circuits Conference (ISSCC), 2005, 1: 396

[5]

Chen J Y, Flynn M P, Hayes J P. A fully integrated auto-calibrated super-regenerative receiver in 0.13-μm CMOS[J]. IEEE J Solid-State Circuits, 2007, 42(9): 1976. doi: 10.1109/JSSC.2007.903092

[6]

Meyer R. Low-power monolithic RF peak detector analysis[J]. IEEE J Solid State Circuits, 1995, 30(1): 65. doi: 10.1109/4.350192

[7]

Rabaey J M, Chandrakasam A, Nikolic B. Digital integrated circuits: a design perspective. 2nd ed. Electronics & VLSI, 2002

[8]

Chen J Y. Design of low-power super-regenerative receivers. The University of Michigan, 2006

[9]

Barner R, Liu J. A 0.8 V 1.52 MHz MSVC relaxation oscillator with inverted mirror feedback reference for UHF RFID. IEEE Custom Integrated Circuits Conference (CICC), 2006: 769

[10]

Harrison R R, Charles C. A low-power low-noise CMOS amplifier for neural recording applications[J]. IEEE J Solid-State Circuits, 2003, 38(6): 958. doi: 10.1109/JSSC.2003.811979

[11]

Zhu Wenrui, Yang Haigang, Gao Tongqiang. A baseband circuit for wake-up receivers with double-mode detection and enhanced sensitivity robustness[J]. Journal of Semiconductors, 2013, 34(8): 085011. doi: 10.1088/1674-4926/34/8/085011

[12]

Liu Y H, Lin T H. A delta-sigma pulse-width digitization technique for super-regenerative receivers[J]. IEEE J Solid State-Circuits, 2010, 45(10): 2066. doi: 10.1109/JSSC.2010.2061614

[1]

Armstrong E H. Some recent developments of regenerative circuits[J]. Proceedings of the Institute of Radio Engineers, 1922, 10(4): 244.

[2]

Favre P, Joehl N, Vouilloz A. A 2-V 600-μ A 1-GHz BiCMOS super-regenerative receiver for ISM application[J]. IEEE J Solid-State Circuit, 1998, 33(12): 2186. doi: 10.1109/4.735703

[3]

Zahabi A, Anis M, Ortmanns M. 2.4 GHz super-regeneration amplifier with degenerative quenching technique for RF-pulse width transceiver. IEEE International Symposium on Circuits and System (ISCAS), 2012: 2147

[4]

Otis B, Chee Y H, Rabaey J. A 400μ W-RX, 1.6 mW-TX super-regenerative transceiver for wireless sensor networks. Solid-State Circuits Conference (ISSCC), 2005, 1: 396

[5]

Chen J Y, Flynn M P, Hayes J P. A fully integrated auto-calibrated super-regenerative receiver in 0.13-μm CMOS[J]. IEEE J Solid-State Circuits, 2007, 42(9): 1976. doi: 10.1109/JSSC.2007.903092

[6]

Meyer R. Low-power monolithic RF peak detector analysis[J]. IEEE J Solid State Circuits, 1995, 30(1): 65. doi: 10.1109/4.350192

[7]

Rabaey J M, Chandrakasam A, Nikolic B. Digital integrated circuits: a design perspective. 2nd ed. Electronics & VLSI, 2002

[8]

Chen J Y. Design of low-power super-regenerative receivers. The University of Michigan, 2006

[9]

Barner R, Liu J. A 0.8 V 1.52 MHz MSVC relaxation oscillator with inverted mirror feedback reference for UHF RFID. IEEE Custom Integrated Circuits Conference (CICC), 2006: 769

[10]

Harrison R R, Charles C. A low-power low-noise CMOS amplifier for neural recording applications[J]. IEEE J Solid-State Circuits, 2003, 38(6): 958. doi: 10.1109/JSSC.2003.811979

[11]

Zhu Wenrui, Yang Haigang, Gao Tongqiang. A baseband circuit for wake-up receivers with double-mode detection and enhanced sensitivity robustness[J]. Journal of Semiconductors, 2013, 34(8): 085011. doi: 10.1088/1674-4926/34/8/085011

[12]

Liu Y H, Lin T H. A delta-sigma pulse-width digitization technique for super-regenerative receivers[J]. IEEE J Solid State-Circuits, 2010, 45(10): 2066. doi: 10.1109/JSSC.2010.2061614

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Y Q Mao, T Q Gao, X D Xu, H G Yang, X X Cai. A fully integrated CMOS super-regenerative wake-up receiver for EEG applications[J]. J. Semicond., 2016, 37(9): 095001. doi: 10.1088/1674-4926/37/9/095001.

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Manuscript received: 04 January 2016 Manuscript revised: 12 April 2016 Online: Published: 01 September 2016

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