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Major scientific accomplishments of Prof. Kun Huang

Jianbai Xia

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 Corresponding author: Jianbai Xia, xiajb@semi.ac.cn

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Abstract: The 100th anniversary of the birth of Prof. Kun Huang is in this year. Prof. Huang is a paragon of the older generation of Chinese scientists. He had made great achievements in solid state physics. After the founding of the People’s Republic of China, he returned to China immediately, and devoted himself to education. He and Prof. Xide Xie initiated the research of semiconductors in China, and established the solid state physics major at Peking University, which has trained a large number of talents for China. In 1977, he became the director of the Institute of Semiconductors of the Chinese Academy of Sciences. Led by Prof. Huang, together with Prof. Shouwu Wang, Prof. Lanying Lin and Prof. Shoujue Wang, the semiconductor institute independently overcomes many difficulties and created a group of critical devices which were on international embargo but urgently needed by China. Furthermore, he also made new contributions in the field of semiconductor superlattices. Under his leadership, the State Key Laboratory of Semiconductor Superlattices became one of the internationally leading laboratories. The following are the major scientific contributions of Prof. Kun Huang.



Fig. 1.  (Color online) Covers of the book "Dynamical theory of crystal lattices" co-authored by Prof. Kun Huang and Prof. Max Born, and the Chinese version.

Fig. 2.  (Color online) Prof. Kun Huang (left) and Prof. Bangfen Zhu.

Table 1.   Summary of the Nobel Prize in physics during 1946 to 1957.

YearWinnerResearch field
1946BridgmanHigh pressure physics
1947AppletonAtmosphere physics
1948BlackettCosmic radiation
1949YukawaParticle physics
1950PowellParticle physics (experiment)
1951CockcroftNuclear physics
WaltonNuclear physics
1952BlochNuclear magnetic resonance
PurcellNuclear magnetic resonance
1953ZernikePhase contrast microscope
1954BornQuantum mechanics
BotheCoincidence method
1955LambFine structure of the hydrogen spectrum
KurchMagnetic moment of the electron
1956BardeenInvention of transistor
BrattainInvention of transistor
ShockleyInvention of transistor
1957Tsung-Dao LeeDiscovery of non-conservation of parity
Chen-Ning YangDiscovery of non-conservation of parity
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    Received: Revised: Online: Accepted Manuscript: 21 August 2019Uncorrected proof: 28 August 2019Published: 01 September 2019

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      Jianbai Xia. Major scientific accomplishments of Prof. Kun Huang[J]. Journal of Semiconductors, 2019, 40(9): 090301. doi: 10.1088/1674-4926/40/9/090301 J B Xia, Major scientific accomplishments of Prof. Kun Huang[J]. J. Semicond., 2019, 40(9): 090301. doi: 10.1088/1674-4926/40/9/090301.Export: BibTex EndNote
      Citation:
      Jianbai Xia. Major scientific accomplishments of Prof. Kun Huang[J]. Journal of Semiconductors, 2019, 40(9): 090301. doi: 10.1088/1674-4926/40/9/090301

      J B Xia, Major scientific accomplishments of Prof. Kun Huang[J]. J. Semicond., 2019, 40(9): 090301. doi: 10.1088/1674-4926/40/9/090301.
      Export: BibTex EndNote

      Major scientific accomplishments of Prof. Kun Huang

      doi: 10.1088/1674-4926/40/9/090301
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      • Jianbai Xia was born in Shanghai in 1939. He is an expert on semiconductor physics, an academician of the Chinese Academy of Sciences. He got the Master degree from the Department of Physics Peking University in 1965, under the supervision of Prof. Kun Huang. From 1978, he worked as a professor at Institute of Semiconductors, Chinese Academy of Sciences. His research interest includes low-dimensional semiconductors and condensed matter physics. He has carried out systematic researches on the quantum theory and application of low-dimensional semiconductor microstructure electronic states
      • Corresponding author: xiajb@semi.ac.cn
      • Published Date: 2019-09-01

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